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Understanding Russian Communication Strategy: Case Studies of Serbia and Estonia
Disinformation and propaganda have become key soft power elements in the updated Russian security policy since 2012/13. For Russian leadership disinformation and propaganda have become key instruments to impact domestic debates in EU member states and in the neighbourhood of the EU. more »
 
Russian Influence in the Media Sectors of the Black Sea Countries: Tools, Narratives and Policy Options for Building Resilience
The Black Sea region has been subject to increasing pressure and uncertainty, following Russia’s occupation of parts of Georgia in 2008, the annexation of Crimea and destabilization of eastern Ukraine in 2014, and the continuing military stand-off to NATO in the Black Sea and beyond after the intervention in Syria in 2015. These developments have demonstrated Moscow’s determination to revise the post-Cold War order by applying pressure through hard- and softpower instruments on both members and associate partners of the EU and NATO in order to undermine Euro-Atlantic cohesion and unity. A particularly prominently deployed weapon of choice of the Kremlin has been media propaganda and disinformation. more »
 
Development of Small-Scale Renewable Energy Sources in Bulgaria: Legislative and Administrative Challenges
This report explores the potential and the obstacles before the decentralization of electricity supply in Bulgaria. With the ongoing phase-out of the first generation of state-support measures to developing renewables, Bulgarian policy-makers have been late to define new ways to foster the decarbonisation of the electricity system while maintaining security of supply. more »
 
CSD Policy Brief No. 79: Decentralisation and Democratisation of the Bulgarian Electricity Sector: Bringing the Country Closer to the EU Climate and Energy Core
The first-generation renewable energy policy in Bulgaria was mismanaged to the benefit of a few politically well-connected companies and individuals unleashing a popular backlash against green energy. more »
 
Money Laundering Investigation Manual (MLIM)
The Money Laundering Investigation Manual (MLIM) is a specialized product, developed to support the operational work of civil servants, investigation authorities and members of the judiciary in Bulgaria. The MLIM examines and summarizes the main trends, legal framework and the operational activities for the investigation and prosecution of money laundering offences. more »
 
CSD Policy Brief No. 77: Making Democracy Deliver in the Western Balkans: Strengthening Governance and Anticorruption
In 2018 the EU and NATO and the countries from the Western Balkans have a unique chance to reinvigorate the Euro Atlantic perspective of the region. There are many areas of concern that require attention but anticorruption and good governance remain the most critical to tackling the two key risks for the Western Balkans. more »
 
Mapping the Links between Russian Influence and Media Capture in Black Sea Countries
Russia’s influence over the media sector in Central and East Europe and its effect on democratic governance in these countries has become a growing concern. To address these issues, the Center for the Study of Democracy (CSD) has engaged in analyzing the Russian economic footprint and ownership links in the media sector in the Black Sea region. The preliminary results provide an overview of the tools used by Russian-controlled media for disseminating content and political messages. The current brief summarizes the main conclusions from the discussion on the topic. more »
 
Russian Economic Footprint in the Western Balkans. Corruption and State Capture Risks
The Western Balkans have become one of the regions, in which Russia has increasingly sought to (re)assert its presence in the past decade. In attempt to improve the understanding of the impact of the interplay between existing governance gaps and the inflow of authoritarian capital in the region, the Center for the Study of Democracy developed an assessment of the Russian economic footprint in Serbia, Montenegro, Macedonia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. more »
 
Statement by the Center for the Study of Democracy regarding Russia’s Economic Footprint in the Western Balkans
The current Statement by Mr. Ruslan Stefanov, Director, Economic Program, Center for the Study of Democracy was presented during a briefing at the Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe, also known as the Helsinki Commission, on 30 January 2018 in Washington. The briefing was dedicated to the topic of Democracy Foreign Meddling in the Western Balkans: Guarding against Economic Vulnerabilities. more »
 
CSD Policy Brief No. 74: Assessing Russia's Economic Footprint in Bosnia and Herzegovina
The current policy brief highlights that Bosnia and Herzegovina is completely dependent on Russian gas supplies. Russian companies also control the country’s two refineries, both located in Republika Srpska. Russia has consistently been the largest foreign investor in RS and the fourth largest in Bosnia and Herzegovina, with around EUR 547 million of foreign direct investment (FDI) in the country over the 2005 – 2016 period. more »
 

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