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| Archive (includеs discontinued periodicals and other program documents) ]
CSD Brief No 34: The Bulgarian Economy: Competitiveness 2012
The policy brief presents the ranking of Bulgaria at the oldest and most comprehensive competitiveness report of nations – the World Competitiveness Yearbook 2012 of the Institute for Management Development - IMD. more »
 
CSD Brief No 33: Management and Disposal of Confiscated Criminal Assets
Confiscation of proceeds from illegal activities is a widely applied mechanism in combating organized crime. The introduction and application of this mechanism is defined in several international and European acts, and is motivated by the need to restore social justice. more »
 
CSD Brief No 32: Reinstating the Duty-Free Trade at Bulgarian Land Borders: Potential Setback in the Fight Against Organized Crime and Corruption
Since the early 1990s the duty-free shops along Bulgaria’s land-border crossings were used as a channel for illegal import of excise goods (cigarettes, alcohol and petrol). With the increase of excise and VAT taxes in the second-half of the 1990s, the risk of alcohol and cigarettes smuggling increased rapidly. The duty-free shops gradually evolved into one of the main channels for the smuggling of cigarettes, alcohol, and fuel. At that period, duty free operators existed without a legal regulation but only with a licensing permit from the Minister of Finance. The smuggling was tacitly tolerated from the highest political level. more »
 
CSD Brief No 31: Antimafia – The Italian Experience in Fighting Organised Crime
In recent decades the Italian authorities implemented a number of measures and policies as a direct response to the threat of organized crime. These new measures were intended to expand the scope and the number of law enforcement and judicial instruments and were an attempt to complement the conventional approaches, which were no longer effective in light of the persisting mafia influence against public institutions. This is why the Italian experience is specifically valuable for countries like Bulgaria, which are vulnerable to corruption and organized crime. more »
 
CSD Brief No 30: Practices and Forms of Cooperation between Customs and Border Guards in the European Union
The economic crisis and the increased threats from terrorism, organised crime and illegal migration have brought to light the issue of efficient and effective management of the external borders of the European Union. For Bulgaria it has become even more important with regard to its upcoming accession to the Schengen area. more »
 
CSD Brief No 29: Public Trust in the Criminal Justice System – an Instrument for Penal Policy Assessment
The policy brief presents the results of a survey of the public trust in the police and the courts in Bulgaria, the public perceptions of the level of corruption in these institutions and the fear of crime in the Bulgarian society. more »
 
CSD Brief No 28: The Hidden Economy in Bulgaria after the Economic Crisis
Thе policy brief presents the dynamics and the components of the Hidden Economy Index 2010. It also examines the recent trends in the Bulgarian economic development and expected effects on the informal sector. more »
 
CSD Brief No 27: Developing an EU Competence in Measuring Corruption
The policy paper provides overvew of the evolution of the EU anti-corruption agenda and the practices in monitoring and measuring corruption. It also provides recommendations for the development of an EU competence in measuring corruption, including a corruption measurement facility for the EU. more »
 
CSD Brief No 26: Organised Crime and Corruption: National Characteristics and Policies of the EU Member-States
The European Commission (EC) contracted the Center for the Study of Democracy (CSD) to analyse the links between organised crime and corruption. more »
 
CSD Brief No 25: The Green Element in the Sustainable Energy Policies of Europe
Main purpose of this study is to review and discuss the development of regulation at EU level to guide corresponding national legislation and policies designed to address the challenges of sustainable development, notably those on the environment dimension and as regards to the most relevant economic sector – energy. more »
 

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