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Publications

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| Archive (includеs discontinued periodicals and other program documents) ]
Understanding Russian Communication Strategy: Case Studies of Serbia and Estonia
Disinformation and propaganda have become key soft power elements in the updated Russian security policy since 2012/13. For Russian leadership disinformation and propaganda have become key instruments to impact domestic debates in EU member states and in the neighbourhood of the EU. more »
 
Russian Influence in the Media Sectors of the Black Sea Countries: Tools, Narratives and Policy Options for Building Resilience
The Black Sea region has been subject to increasing pressure and uncertainty, following Russia’s occupation of parts of Georgia in 2008, the annexation of Crimea and destabilization of eastern Ukraine in 2014, and the continuing military stand-off to NATO in the Black Sea and beyond after the intervention in Syria in 2015. These developments have demonstrated Moscow’s determination to revise the post-Cold War order by applying pressure through hard- and softpower instruments on both members and associate partners of the EU and NATO in order to undermine Euro-Atlantic cohesion and unity. A particularly prominently deployed weapon of choice of the Kremlin has been media propaganda and disinformation. more »
 
Development of Small-Scale Renewable Energy Sources in Bulgaria: Legislative and Administrative Challenges
This report explores the potential and the obstacles before the decentralization of electricity supply in Bulgaria. With the ongoing phase-out of the first generation of state-support measures to developing renewables, Bulgarian policy-makers have been late to define new ways to foster the decarbonisation of the electricity system while maintaining security of supply. more »
 
CSD Policy Brief No. 80: The Illicit Trade of Tobacco Products along the Balkan Route – Bulgaria, Greece, Italy and Romania
Bulgaria and Romania have long traditions in illicit tobacco trade rooted in the hardships of their transitions to market economy. Unlike them, Greece and Italy enjoyed lower levels of illicit tobacco consumption, which changed with the arrival of the global economic crisis in 2009. Thus by 2012 illicit market soared from 2.2 % up to 8.5 % in Italy and from 2 % up to 10 % in Greece. The economic crisis have also led to sharp increase in illicit tobacco consumption in Bulgaria and Romania as well. However, while Bulgaria and Italy managed to stifle the illicit market, Greece and Romania continue to face high levels of counterfeit and contraband cigarettes. more »
 
CSD Policy Brief No. 79: Decentralisation and Democratisation of the Bulgarian Electricity Sector: Bringing the Country Closer to the EU Climate and Energy Core
The first-generation renewable energy policy in Bulgaria was mismanaged to the benefit of a few politically well-connected companies and individuals unleashing a popular backlash against green energy. more »
 
Money Laundering Investigation Manual (MLIM)
The Money Laundering Investigation Manual (MLIM) is a specialized product, developed to support the operational work of civil servants, investigation authorities and members of the judiciary in Bulgaria. The MLIM examines and summarizes the main trends, legal framework and the operational activities for the investigation and prosecution of money laundering offences. more »
 
Referral to legal assistance for victims of human trafficking
The report 'Referral to legal assistance in the case of victims of human trafficking' was developed within the framework of an initiative for strengthening multidisciplinary cooperation to ensure effective referral, assistance and protection of the rights of victims of human trafficking, uniting the efforts of experts from Bulgaria, Romania, Belgium, Spain and Sweden. Victims of human trafficking face frequent challenges, especially regarding legal assistance and representation that should be available throughout the criminal proceedings. more »
 
CSD Policy Brief No. 78: Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation in Bulgaria: Criminal Finances and Capacity for Financial Investigations
Trafficking in human beings (THB) for the purpose of sexual exploitation has become one of the largest Bulgarian criminal markets since the beginning of the new millennium. After the lifting of Schengen visas for Bulgarian nationals in 2001, Bulgaria became a major country of origin for the trafficking in human beings exploited in the EU. THB and prostitution not only generate huge incomes for Bulgarian organised crime but also have detrimental social and economic impact on local communities. more »
 
Victims’ Booklet
The Victims’ Booklet has been published under the initiative ‘Pro Victims Justice through an Enhanced Rights’ Protection and Stakeholders Cooperation’ and looks at the stages of criminal proceedings and the rights of victims of crime under the national legislation of Bulgaria, Romania, Germany and Sweden. more »
 
Referral Mechanism to Assist Victims of Crime in Domestic and Cross-Border Cases
The Referral Mechanism to Assist Victims of Crime in Domestic and Cross-Border Cases has been published under the initiative ‘Pro Victims Justice through an Enhanced Rights’ Protection and Stakeholders Cooperation’ and looks at legal framework of victim protection on European and national level, the procedures for identifying victims in Bulgaria, Romania, Germany and Sweden and the respective indicators. more »
 

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